What Is Prediabetes? Along the way to developing diabetes, people usually have prediabetes. This isn’t a disease, but a condition in which your blood sugar is higher than it should be. Your doctor can diagnose prediabetes with simple tests. An A1C test can tell your doctor about your average blood sugar for the past three months. A fasting glucose test tells how high your blood sugar is after you’ve fasted overnight.
Risk Factors for Prediabetes/Diabetes
- Excess weight
- Sedentary behavior
- Age 45 or older
- Race (Black, Latino/a, Native American, Asian or Pacific Islander)
- Close relatives with diabetes
- High blood pressure or high triglycerides
- History of polycystic ovary syndrome or diabetes during pregnancy
If I Have Prediabetes, How Can I Avoid Diabetes?Being told you have prediabetes can be scary. But it’s also a great opportunity to work with your doctor on delaying or preventing diabetes. If you have prediabetes, you can empower yourself by losing weight, eating a healthy diet that’s higher in colorful vegetables and lower in carbs and fats, and exercising every day. You can also ask your doctor how else to improve your health.
Questions for Your Doctor
- Do I need to be screened for diabetes/prediabetes?
- What eating plans can you recommend?
- Do I need any other screening tests?
- What exercises would be safe and effective for me?